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Search for contacts

You can search for multiple contacts by the value of their attributes in order to fetch exactly who you want.

To search for contacts, you need to send a POST request to https://api.intercom.io/contacts/search. This will accept a query object in the body which will define your filters in order to search for contacts.

🚧

Why is there a delay when creating contacts and searching for them?

If a contact has recently been created, there is a possibility that it will not yet be available when searching. This means that it may not appear in the response. This delay can take a few minutes. If you need to be instantly notified then you could use webhooks instead, which you'd currently have to iterate on to see if they match your search filters.

Search with single filter

You should provide the following parameters within a query object:

ParameterRequired?Description
fieldYesThe fields associated to a customer that you can search for. See all accepted fields below.
operatorYesThe operator that you want to compare by. See all accepted operators below.
valueYesThe value you want to search by.

Search with multiple filters

You can search with multiple filters by combining a list of single filter objects within a value array and saying whether you want to ensure all given values match (AND), or only one of these match (OR). The query object should contain these parameters.

ParameterRequired?Description
operatorYesThe operator (AND or OR) by which to query the combined values.
valueYesAn array of single query objects.

📘

Only checking if one value matches?

If you're only using OR to check that one matches out of the values, you could instead use IN as the operator in a single filter query. You could also use NIN to say that it does not match one of the values.

🚧

Nesting & Limitations

You can nest these filters in order to get even more granular insights that pinpoint exactly what you need. Example: (1 OR 2) AND (3 OR 4).

There are some limitations to the amount of multiple's there can be:

  • There's a limit of max 2 nested filters
  • There's a limit of max 15 filters for each AND or OR group
Example Request (Single Filter)

{
 "query":  {
    "field": "custom_attributes.salesforce_status",
    "operator": "~",
    "value": "open"
  }
}
Example Request (Multiple Filters)

{
 "query":  {
    "operator": "AND",
    "value": [
      {
        "field": "custom_attributes.social_network",
        "operator": "=",
        "value": "facebook"
      }, 
      {
        "field": "custom_attributes.social_network",
        "operator": "=",
        "value": "twitter"
      },
      {
        "field": "custom_attributes.social_network",
        "operator": "=",
        "value": "instagram"
      }
    ]
  }
}
{
 "query":  {
    "field": "custom_attributes.social_network",
    "operator": "IN",
    "value": ["facebook", "twitter", "instagram"]
  }
}
Example Request (Nested Filters)

{
 "query":  {
    "operator": "AND",
    "value": [
      {
        "operator": "OR",
        "value": [
          {
            "field": "created_at",
            "operator": ">",
            "value": 1560436650
          }, 
          {
            "field": "signed_up_at",
            "operator": ">",
            "value": 1560436784
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "operator": "OR",
        "value": [
          {
            "field": "custom_attributes.salseforce_status",
            "operator": "~",
            "value": "Open"
          }, 
          {
            "field": "custom_attributes.salesforce_object_type",
            "operator": "=",
            "value": "Lead"
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}
Example Errors

HTTP/1.1 400 BAD REQUEST
{
  "type": "error.list",
  "request_id": null,
  "errors": [
      {
        "code": "bad_request",
        "message": "bad 'random_param' parameter"
      }
  ]
}
HTTP/1.1 400 BAD REQUEST
{
  "type": "error.list",
  "request_id": null,
  "errors": [
    {
      "code": "invalid_query",
      "message": "Invalid query. Ensure 'field', 'operator', 'value' are present for field queries. Ensure 'operator' and 'value' for composite queries."
    }
  ]
}
HTTP/1.1 400 BAD REQUEST
{
  "type": "error.list",
  "request_id": null,
  "errors": [
    {
      "code": "invalid_values",
      "message": "Value depth exceeds 10 items"
    }
  ]
}
HTTP/1.1 400 BAD REQUEST
{
  "type": "error.list",
  "request_id": null,
  "errors": [
    {
      "code": "invalid_value",
      "message": "123 is not a valid string"
    }
  ]
}
HTTP/1.1 400 BAD REQUEST
{
  "type": "error.list",
  "request_id": null,
  "errors": [
    {
      "code": "invalid_field",
      "message": "not_a_field is not a valid field"
    }
  ]
}
HTTP/1.1 400 BAD REQUEST
{
  "type": "error.list",
  "request_id": null,
  "errors": [
    {
      "code": "invalid_operator",
      "message": "Composite operators must be of type AND or OR "
    }
  ]
}
HTTP/1.1 400 BAD REQUEST
{
  "type": "error.list",
  "request_id": null,
  "errors": [
    {
      "code": "invalid_operator",
      "message": "email does not support operator: >"
    }
  ]
}
HTTP/1.1 400 BAD REQUEST
{
  "type": "error.list",
  "request_id": null,
  "errors": [
    {
      "code": "invalid_value",
      "message": "Number of elements in composite query is greater than 15, please try again with a smaller list"
    }
  ]
}

Accepted Fields

🚧

Searching for Timestamp Fields

All timestamp fields (created_at, updated_at etc.) are indexed as Dates for Contact Search queries; Datetime queries are not currently supported. This means you can only query for timestamp fields by day - not hour, minute or second.

For example, if you search for all Contacts with a created_at value greater (>) than 1577869200 (the UNIX timestamp for January 1st, 2020 9:00 AM), that will be interpreted as 1577836800 (January 1st, 2020 12:00 AM). The search results will then include Contacts created from January 2nd, 2020 12:00 AM onwards.

If you'd like to get contacts created on January 1st, 2020 you should search with a created_at value equal (=) to 1577836800 (January 1st, 2020 12:00 AM).

This behaviour applies only to timestamps used in search queries. The search results will still contain the full UNIX timestamp and be sorted accordingly.

Most key listed as part of the Contacts Model are searchable, whether writeable or not. The value you search for has to match the accepted type, otherwise the query will fail (ie. as created_at accepts a date, the value cannot be a string such as "foorbar").

FieldType
idString
roleString
Accepts user or lead
nameString
avatarString
owner_idInteger
emailString
phoneString
external_idString
created_atDate (UNIX Timestamp)
signed_up_atDate (UNIX Timestamp)
updated_atDate (UNIX Timestamp)
last_seen_atDate (UNIX Timestamp)
last_contacted_atDate (UNIX Timestamp)
last_replied_atDate (UNIX Timestamp)
last_email_opened_atDate (UNIX Timestamp)
last_email_clicked_atDate (UNIX Timestamp)
language_overrideString
browserString
browser_languageString
osString
location.countryString
location.regionString
location.cityString
unsubscribed_from_emailsBoolean
marked_email_as_spamBoolean
has_hard_bouncedBoolean
ios_last_seen_atDate (UNIX Timestamp)
ios_app_versionString
ios_deviceString
ios_app_deviceString
ios_os_versionString
ios_app_nameString
ios_sdk_versionString
android_last_seen_atDate (UNIX Timestamp)
android_app_versionString
android_deviceString
android_app_nameString
andoid_sdk_versionString
segment_idString
tag_idString
custom_attributes.{attribute_name}String

Accepted Operators

The table below shows the operators you can use to define how you want to search for the value. The operator should be put in as a string ("="). The operator has to be compatible with the field's type (eg. you cannot search with > for a given string value as it's only compatible for integer's and dates).

OperatorValid TypesDescription
=AllEquals
!=AllDoesn't Equal
INAllIn
Shortcut for OR queries
Values must be in Array
NINAllNot In
Shortcut for OR ! queries
Values must be in Array
>Integer
Date (UNIX Timestamp)
Greater than
<Integer
Date (UNIX Timestamp)
Lower than
~StringContains
!~StringDoesn't Contain
^StringStarts With
$StringEnds With

Response

A JSON payload with a list of Contact objects that match the search query, with a total_count integer saying how many models have been returned.